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‬: Beit Ha Mikdash) in ancient Jerusalem before its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar II after the Siege of Jerusalem of 587 BCE and its subsequent replacement with the Second Temple in the 6th century BCE.

Reconstructions differ; the following is largely based on Easton's Bible Dictionary and the Jewish Encyclopedia: The Holy of Holies, or Kodesh ha Kodashim in Hebrew, (1 Kings ; 8:6), also called the "Inner House" (), (Heb. The usual explanation for the discrepancy between its height and the 30-cubit height of the temple is that its floor was elevated, like the cella of other ancient temples.

It was floored and wainscotted with cedar of Lebanon (1 Kings ), and its walls and floor were overlaid with gold (, 21, 30) amounting to 600 talents (2 Chr. It contained two cherubim of olive-wood, each 10 cubits high (1 Kings , 20, 21, 23–28) and each having outspread wings of 10 cubits span, so that, since they stood side by side, the wings touched the wall on either side and met in the center of the room.

The doors of the Holy of Holies were of olive-wood.

On both sets of doors were carved cherubim, palm-trees, and flowers, all being overlaid with gold (1 Kings et seq.) The Hebrew noun hekhal (Hebrew היכל) in Classical Hebrew means "a large building".

This can be either the main building of the Temple in Jerusalem (that is the nave, or sanctuary, of the Temple), or a palace such as the "palace" of Ahab, king of Samaria, or the "palace" of the King of Babylon.

Hekhal is used 80 times in the Masoretic Text of the Hebrew Bible.

An Ivory pomegranate which mentions priests in the house "of ---h", and an inscription recording the Temple's restoration under Jehoash have both appeared on the antiquities market, but their authenticity has been challenged and they are the subject of controversy.

According to the biblical sources, the temple was constructed under Solomon, during the united monarchy of Israel and Judah.

It had no windows (1 Kings ) and was considered the dwelling-place of the "name" of God.

The Kodesh ha Kodashim (the Holy of Holies) was prepared to receive and house the Ark (1 Kings ); and when the Temple was dedicated, the Ark, containing the original tablets of the Ten Commandments, was placed beneath the cherubim (1 Kings 8:6).

This puts the date of its construction in the mid-10th century BCE.